Source Monitoring and False Memories in Children: Relation to Certainty and Executive Functioning
Authors: Ruffman, T.; Rustin, C.; Garnham, W.; Parkin, A.J.
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 80, Number 2, October 2001 , pp. 95-111(17)
Publisher: Academic Press
Abstract:We presented children aged 6, 8, and 10 years with a video and then an audio tape about a dog named Mick. Some information was repeated in the two sources and some was unique to one source. We examined: (a) children's hit rate for remembering whether events occurred and their tendency to make false alarms, (b) their memory for the context in which events occurred (source monitoring), (c) their certainty about hits, false alarms, and source, and (d) whether working memory and inhibition were related to hits, false alarms, and source monitoring. The certainty ratings revealed deficits in children's understanding of when they had erred on source questions and of when they had made false alarms. In addition, inhibitory ability accounted for unique variance in the ability to avoid false alarms and in some kinds of source monitoring but not hits. In contrast, working memory tended to correlate with all forms of memory including hits.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Experimental Psychology, University of Sussex, East Sussex, United Kingdom
Publication date: October 2001