A Simple Method for the Determination of Malachite Green and Leucomalachite Green Residues in Fish by a Modified QuEChERS Extraction and LC/MS/MS
A simple method using LC/MS/MS was developed and validated to determine residues of malachite green (MG) and leucomalachite green (LMG) in fish fillet. A modified QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and Safe) technique was used to perform the sample preparation. The optimal extraction and cleanup conditions were established using an experimental design. The validation parameters obtained to determine both MG and LMG complied with the requirements established by regulatory agencies for the presence of such substances in fish, which establish that the method must attain, at least, a minimum required performance limit of 2 ng/g. The accuracy values ranged between 95 and 107%, and the precision values were lower than 11.2%. The method was used in the analysis of tilapia samples (n = 20) commercialized in Campinas, SP, Brazil. None of the samples presented detectable levels of MG or LMG residues.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2012-05-01
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- The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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