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Determination of Total Cholesterol in Meat and Poultry by Gas Chromatography: Single-Laboratory Validation

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Abstract:

The primary objective of this study was to determine the intralaboratory performance of a cholesterol determination method that combines direct saponification of a 1 g meat or poultry sample and GC quantification of liberated cholesterol without derivatization. Cholesterol was detected at 11.96 min using a GC-flame ionization detector (FID) system. With a 0.005 mg/mL 5 α-cholestane internal standard and 0.008 to 0.020 mg/mL cholesterol standard series, the FID response was linearly correlated to standard concentrations with a coefficient of determination of 0.995 and a response factor of 0.66. The LOD and LOQ were 1.24 and 4.00 mg/100 g, respectively. Cholesterol could be analyzed within 6 days of preparation with high precision (CV of 0.92 to 2.69%) and accuracy (recovery of 93.24 to 100.56%). This simplified procedure allows for decreased errors and increased productivity, and the method proved to be reliable and able to withstand practical variation in procedural application. The method has been applied routinely with excellent precision to update data on the cholesterol content of beef, pork, and chicken in the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5740/jaoacint.11-224

Publication date: March 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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