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Gluten Fragment Detection with a Competitive ELISA

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Abstract:

The second generation of a competitive ELISA for prolamin quantification based on the R5 antibody was studied for method performance and suitability to detect partially hydrolyzed prolamins in food. To be able to convert signal intensities to gluten concentrations, as required by the Codex Alimentarius Standard, a new calibrator consisting of a peptic-tryptic digest of wheat, rye, and barley prolamins was used for the first time. LOD and LOQ of the assay were 1.36 and 5.0 mg prolamin/kg food, respectively. Analysis of beer samples and a hydrolyzed wheat product showed that the assay provided significantly higher prolamin concentrations, compared to the sandwich ELISA based on the same antibody, which is only suitable for the detection of intact prolamins. Spiking experiments with defined concentrations of partially hydrolyzed prolamins gave recoveries ranging from 92 to 136%.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.5740/jaoacint.SGE_Haas-Lauterbach

Publication date: 2012-03-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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