Simultaneous Determination of Benzimidazoles and Their Metabolites in Plasma Using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry: Application to Pharmacokinetic Studies in Rabbits

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Abstract:

An HPLC/MS/MS method was developed for the simultaneous determination of the following benzimidazole anthelmintics and metabolites in plasma: flubendazole, albendazole, fenbendazole, mebendazole, thiabendazole, hydrolyzed flubendazole, albendazole sulfoxide, albendazole sulfone, albendazole aminosulfone, oxfendazole, fenbendazole sulfone, aminomebendazole, hydroxymebendazole, and 5-hydroxythiabendazole. The sample preparation process involved a pH-dependent extraction of the analytes. Chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column with a mobile phase gradient starting with methanol–water (20 + 80, v/v) containing 0.1% formic acid. The overall average recoveries of the analytes based on a matrix-matched calibration ranged from 75.0 to 120.0%, with RSD values of <20.0%. The LODs ranged from 0.08 to 2.0 μg/kg and the LOQs from 0.3 to 5.0 μg/kg. The validated method was used in pharmacokinetic studies of benzimidazole compounds in rabbits, and the elimination of the metabolites was measured quantitatively.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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