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A Novel Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Method for the Detection of Brazil Nuts in Food

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Abstract:

A qualitative real-time PCR-based method for the detection of the Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa) component in food is described. The method consists of DNA isolation by chaotropic SPE and the subsequent PCR with Brazil nut-specific primers and a TaqMan fluorescent probe. The primers and the probe are targeted to the gene encoding for the 11s globulin of the Brazil nut. The method was positive for eight Brazil nut samples from the market and negative for all other tested plant and meat materials used in the food industry (36 samples). The intrinsic LOD of the method was 10 pg Brazil nut DNA. Using a series of model nut paste mixtures with defined Brazil nut contents, a practical detection limit of 0.1 (w/w) Brazil nut was estimated. Practical applicability of the entire method was tested by qualitative analysis of nine food samples; no discrepancies between the declared and detected Brazil nut contents were found. The presented PCR-based method is useful for sensitive and selective detection of Brazil nut in food samples.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Food Research Institute, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Priemyseln 4, PO Box 25, 824 75 Bratislava 26, Slovakia.

Publication date: January 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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