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Reversed-Phase LC Determination of Two Manufacturing Intermediates, the Unsulfonated Subsidiary Color, and 4-Methyl-Sudan I in D&C Red No. 6, D&C Red No. 7, and Their Lakes

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A reversed-phase liquid chromatographic (LC) method was developed to determine 4 impurities in the monosulfo monoazo color additives D&C Red No. 6, D&C Red No. 7, and their lakes. Manufacturing intermediates determined are 2-amino-5-methylbenzenesulfonic acid (PTMS) and 3-hydroxy-2-naphthalenecarboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid). Subsidiary colors determined are the unsulfonated and uncarboxylated, unsulfonated homologs of the dye (the unsulfonated subsidiary color and 4-methyl-Sudan I). The new method uses lithium oxalate as part of a novel system to dissolve the water-insoluble color additives. The 4 impurities were identified by LC and UV-visible spectrophotometry; the 4-methyl-Sudan I was confirmed by LC/mass spectrometry. LC peak area calibrations were generally linear (R > 0.999), and recoveries ranged from 90 to 105. The limits of determination used were 0.02 each for PTMS and 3-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, 0.1 for the unsulfonated subsidiary color, and 0.002 for 4-methyl-Sudan I. The relative standard deviations at the specification levels ranged from 0.7 to 22.7. Survey analyses of 26 samples of certified D&C Red Nos. 6 and 7 straight colors and lakes from 11 domestic and foreign manufacturers yielded results that agree with those previously obtained using 3 other methods.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Office of Cosmetics and Colors, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, College Park, MD 20740.

Publication date: 2009-05-28

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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