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Automated Chemiluminometric Screening of Counterfeit Drugs of the Antituberculosis Agent Pyrazinamide

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Finding counterfeit drugs presents a growing challenge in preventing these products from entering health systems and causing serious consequences for consumers, drug manufacturers, and governments. In this investigation a simple, low-cost, and expeditious chemiluminometric approach, relying on a fully automated multipumping flow system for screening pharmaceutical preparations of the antituberculosis drug pyrazinamide, was implemented. The developed chemiluminescent method was based on the scavenging effect of pyrazinamide on the oxidation of luminol by hydrogen peroxide in alkaline medium. For analytical signal monitoring, a homemade chemiluminescence detector relying on a photomultiplier module was developed. Linear calibration plots for pyrazinamide concentrations between 10 and 70 mg/L were obtained (R = 0.9931) with good precision (RSD < 0.99; n = 21). The limit of detection was 5.79 mg/L, and the sampling rate was about 150 determinations per hour.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: REQUIMTE, Servio de Qumica-Fsica, Faculdade de Farmcia, Universidade do Porto, Rua Anbal Cunha, 164, 4050-047 Porto, Portugal.

Publication date: 2009-05-28

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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