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Development and Validation of an LC Method for Simultaneous Determination of Amiloride Hydrochloride and Hydrochlorothiazide in Human Urine

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An HPLC method with photometric detection has been developed for determination of a binary mixture of amiloride hydrochloride and hydrochlorothiazide in human urine using chlorthalidone as the internal standard. Reversed-phase chromatography was performed at room temperature on a cyanopropyl column with the mobile phase consisting of a 10 mM KH2PO4 solution (pH 4.5)methanol (70 + 30, v/v) at a flow rate of 1 mL/min. The detector was set at 214 nm. The total analysis time was 10 min. The method was validated in terms of accuracy, precision, absolute recovery, freeze-thaw stability, bench-top stability, and re-injection reproducibility. The procedure shows good accuracy, repeatability, and selectivity. Moreover, the method was applied directly to urine that had not undergone prior treatment. The intra- and interday coefficients of variation for all compounds were below 4, and the method was highly accurate, with a relative error for all compounds that was below 8. No interference from endogenous compounds in urine samples was found. The proposed method, which is rapid, simple, and does not require any separation steps, has been successfully applied to the assay of human urine containing amiloride hydrochloride and hydrochlorothiazide.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Zagazig University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medicinal Chemistry Department, Zagazig, Egypt. 2: Suez Canal University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Chemistry Department, Ismailia (41522), Egypt.

Publication date: 2009-05-28

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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