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Detection of the Potential Adulterant Teucrium chamaedrys in Scutellaria baicalensis Raw Material and Extract by High-Performance Thin-Layer Chromatography

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Teucrium chamaedrys (Gemander) has been reported as an adulterant of Scutellaria lateriflora (American skullcap) herbal preparations and is also known to be hepatotoxic. A quick and simple high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method was developed for the detection of T. chamaedrys (Germander) in S. baicalensis (Chinese skullcap) extract, an ingredient of the proprietary blend product, Univestin. The HPTLC profile of T. chamaedrys was distinguished from that of S. baicalensis by its bright green fluorescence bands. This simple method can be completed in an hour for the quality control of Univestin and its raw material, S. baicalensis. The method is sensitive and can detect T. chamaedrys at levels as low as 0.5 (w/w).

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Unigen Inc., Quality Control/Quality Assurance Department, 2660 Willamette Dr, NE, Lacey, WA 98516.

Publication date: May 28, 2009

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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