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Determination of Seven Flavonoids in Ixeridium gracile (DC.) Shih by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

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A high-performance liquid chromatographic technique coupled with photodiode array detection was proposed for the simultaneous determination of 7 flavonoids, i.e., quercetin, kaempferol, 7-hydroxyflavanone, 7-methoxyflavanone, 2,4-dihydroxychalcone, 2,4-dihydroxydihydrochalcone, and 7,2-dihydroxy-3, 4-dimethoxyisoflavane, in extracts of the plant Ixeridium gracile. Optimum separation was obtained by using a reversed-phase C18 method. Because of the different UV characteristics of these components, 5 detection wavelengths were used for the quantitative analysis. All of the flavonoids showed good linearity (r > 0.9999). The limit of detection and limit of quantitation values for the analytes ranged from 0.06 to 0.46 g/mL and from 0.18 to 1.48 g/mL, respectively. The method was validated by evaluating repeatability, precision, stability, and accuracy. Five different extraction and purification procedures were investigated for preparation of the sample solution. The optimized method was applied to the determination of flavonoids in I. gracile and was found to be efficient.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Key Laboratory for Natural Medicine of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000, People's Republic of China.

Publication date: May 28, 2009

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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