Rapid and Cost-Effective Determination of Acrylamide in Coffee by Planar Chromatography and Fluorescence Detection After Derivatization with Dansulfinic Acid

Authors: Alpmann, Alexander; Morlock, Gertrud

Source: Journal of AOAC International, Volume 92, Number 3, May 2009 , pp. 725-729(5)

Publisher: AOAC International

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A new method has been developed for the determination of acrylamide in ground coffee by planar chromatography using prechromatographic in situ derivatization with dansulfinic acid. After pressurized fluid extraction of acrylamide from the coffee samples, the extracts were passed through activated carbon and concentrated. These extracts were applied onto a silica gel 60 HPTLC plate and oversprayed with dansulfinic acid. By heating the plate, acrylamide was derivatized into the fluorescent product dansylpropanamide. The chromatographic separation with ethyl acetatetert.-butyl methyl ether (8 + 2, v/v) mobile phase was followed by densitometric quantification at 254/>400 nm using a 4 point calibration via the standard addition method over the whole system for which acrylamide was added at different concentrations at the beginning of the extraction process. The method was validated for commercial coffee. The linearity over the whole procedure showed determination coefficients between 0.9995 and 0.9825 (n = 6). Limit of quantitation at a signal-to-noise ratio of 10 was determined to be 48 g/kg. The within-run precision (relative standard deviation, n = 6) of the chromatographic method was 3. Commercial coffee samples analyzed showed acrylamide contents between 52 and 191 g/kg, which was in correlation with amounts reported in previous publications.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Hohenheim, Institute for Food Chemistry, Garbenstrae 28, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany.

Publication date: May 28, 2009

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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