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Optimized HPLC Method for Analysis of Polar and Nonpolar Heterocyclic Amines in Cooked Meat Products

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A simple, precise, and specific column high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method with UV absorption diode array and fluorescence detection has been developed by optimizing a previously described method for the simultaneous quantification of 15 polar and nonpolar heterocyclic amines (HAs) in fried meat products. The HPLC determination could be improved due to the application of a silica-based reversed-phase column with octadecyl groups (TSK-gel Super ODS) and a particle size of 2 m. The separation of HAs in the complex meat matrix was performed with a 21 min mobile phase gradient. The method was validated for instrumental precision, repeatability, and selectivity and compared with a previously published method. After liquid adsorption of the basic sample mixture on diatomaceous earth, HAs were extracted with ethyl acetate. For cleanup, solid-phase extraction (silica propylsulfonic acid and octadecyl cartridges) and different washing steps were applied. Both nonpolar and polar HAs were determined in one fraction. The calibration curves of all HAs were linear for the applied detection system (correlation coefficient = 0.9900.995). The recoveries, with the exception of 3-amino-1-methyl-5H-pyrido [4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-2), were between 42 and 98 from meat samples spiked in a range of 1.5 to 3.3 ng/g for fluorescence-active and 4.3 to 8 ng/g for UV-active HAs. For quantification of HAs, the standard addition method was used for adjustment of different characteristics of HAs in the extraction. In fried meat samples (chicken breast and beef patties), 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx), 2-amino-3,4,8-trimethylimidazo[4,5-f] quinoxaline(4,8-DiMeIQx), 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), norharmane, and harmane were found in a concentration range of 0.02 to 14.3 ng/g.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Hohenheim, Institute of Food Science and Biotechnology, Food Structure and Functionality Laboratories, 70593 Stuttgart, Germany.

Publication date: 28 May 2009

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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