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High-Performance Thin-Layer Chromatographic Analysis of Selected Organophosphorous Pesticide Residues in Tea

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The separation of 9 organophosphates (monocrotophos, quinalphos, triazophos, parathion-methyl, isofenphos-methyl, temephos, parathion, phoxim-ethyl, and chlorpyrifos) by high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) with automated multiple development was studied. The HPTLC method was developed and validated for analysis of residues of phoxim-ethyl and chlorpyrifos in tea. The sample was extracted with acetonitrile and cleaned up by ENVI-CARB solid-phase extraction. The extract was directly applied as bands to glass-backed silica gel 60F254 HPTLC plates. The plates were developed with dichloromethanehexane (1 1, v/v) in a glass twin-trough chamber. Evaluation of the developed HPTLC plates was performed densitometrically. The results indicated that the detection limits of phoxim and chlorpyrifos were 5.0 109 and 1.0 108 g, respectively. Recoveries of the pesticides from tea by this analytical method were 90.7105.5%, and relative standard deviations were 7.313.5%. The precision and accuracy of the method were generally satisfactory for analysis of pesticide residues in tea.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, 100102, Beijing, People's Republic of China. 2: Key Laboratory for Agri-Food Safety of Anhui Province, School of Resources and Environment, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, Anhui, 230036, People's Republic of China.

Publication date: 2008-09-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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