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Determination of Mepiquat Chloride Residues in Cotton and Soil by Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

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A liquid chromatographic/mass spectrometric (LC/MS) method is reported for the determination of the onium-type plant growth regulator mepiquat chloride in cotton and soil. The pesticide was extracted from the sample with ethanol and water containing 2 NH4Cl. The extract was cleaned up on a solid-phase extraction C18 column, and the pesticide was determined by LC/MS. The average recoveries were 85.993.8, 81.391.7, and 78.194.7, with corresponding relative standard deviations of 3.49.6, 3.712.3, and 4.09.8, from soil, cotton leaves, and cotton seeds, respectively. A coefficient of determination of R2 0.9964 was obtained for the analyte calibration graph, from 0.05 to 100 g/mL. Decision limits, CC, and detection capability, CC, were calculated. Electrospray ionization LC/MS in the positive-ion mode (ESI+) was used to detect mepiquat chloride in extracts of soil, cotton leaves, and cotton seeds. The ion at m/z 114 in the mass spectrum was monitored.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Pesticide Chemistry and Application Technology, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 100094, People's Republic of China.

Publication date: 2008-09-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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