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Determination of Analogs of Sildenafil and Vardenafil in Foods by Column Liquid Chromatography with a Photodiode Array Detector, Mass Spectrometry, and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometry

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Two analogs of sildenafil and vardenafil in food were detected by column liquid chromatography (LC) with a photodiode array detector. They were isolated by preparative LC; their structures were established by mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry. One analog was found to be methisosildenafil (compound A), 5-(5-(3,5-dimethylpiperazin-1-ylsulfonyl)-2-ethoxyphenyl)-1-methyl-3-propyl-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-d]-pyrimidin-7(6H)-one. It is a sildenafil analog with a dimethylpiperazine ring substituted for the methylpiperazine group. The second analog, hydroxyvardenafil (compound B) is reported for the first time in this study. Hydroxyvardenafil's International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry name is 2-(2-ethoxy-5-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-piperazin-1-ylsulfonyl)phenyl)-5-methyl-7-propylimidazo[ 1,5-f][1,2,4]triazin-4(3H)-one. The novel vardenafil analog has a hydroxyl group added to the ethylpiperazine group.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Korea Food and Drug Administration, 194 Tongilro, Eunpyeong-gu, Seoul 122704, Korea. 2: Seoul National University, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Research, Seoul 151742, Korea.

Publication date: May 1, 2008

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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