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Second Derivative Synchronous Fluorescence Spectroscopy for the Simultaneous Determination of Metoclopramide and Pyridoxine in Syrup and Human Plasma

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A rapid, simple, and highly sensitive second derivative synchronous fluorometric method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of metoclopramide (MT) and pyridoxine (PY) in a binary mixture. The method is based on measurement of the native fluorescence of these drugs at = 80 nm in methanol. The different experimental parameters affecting the native fluorescence of the drugs were carefully studied and optimized. The fluorescence-concentration plots were rectilinear over the ranges of 0.020.4 and 0.12 g/mL for MT and PY, respectively. The limits of detection were 0.003 and 0.007 g/mL and the limits of quantification were 0.008 and 0.02 g/mL for MT and PY, respectively. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of MT and PY in synthetic mixtures and in commercial syrup. The results were in good agreement with those obtained with a reported method. The high sensitivity attained by the proposed method allowed the determination of MT in spiked and real human plasma samples. The mean percent recoveries of MT from spiked and real human plasma (n = 3) were 93.72 3.15 and 89.72 2.19, respectively.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Mansoura, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Analytical Chemistry, 35516, Mansoura, Egypt.

Publication date: May 1, 2008

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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