Analytical Method Performance Evaluation (AMPE)A Software Tool for Analytical Method Validation
Abstract:A Windows-based software tool [Analytical Method Performance Evaluation (AMPE)] was developed to support the validation of analytical methods. The software implements standard statistical approaches commonly adopted in validation studies to estimate analytical method performance (limits of detection and quantitation, accuracy, specificity, working range, and linearity of responses) according to ISO 5725. In addition, AMPE proposes the application of innovative and unique approaches for the assessment of analytical method performance. Specifically, AMPE proposes the use of difference-based indexes to quantify the agreement between measurements and reference values, the use of pattern indexes to quantify methods bias with respect to specific external variables, and the application of fuzzy logic to aggregate into synthetic indicators the information collected independently via the different performance statistics traditionally estimated in validation studies. Aggregated measures are particularly useful for methods comparison, when more than one method is available for a specific analysis and itmay be of interest to identify the best performing one taking into account, simultaneously, the information available from different performance statistics. Illustrative examples of the type of outputs expected from AMPE-based validation sessions are given. The extensive data handling capabilities and the wide range of statistics supplied in the software package makes AMPE suitable for specific needs that may arise in different validation studies. The installation package, complete with a fully documented help file, is distributed free of charge to interested users along with input files exemplary of the type of entry data required to run validation data analyses.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: University of Milan, Department of Crop Science, via Celoria 2, 20133, Milan, Italy. 2: European Commission Directorate General Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Agriculture and Fisheries Unit, via E. Fermi 1-TP 268, 21020 Ispra (VA), Italy. 3: European Commission Directorate General Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Biotechnology and GMOs Unit, via E. Fermi 1-TP 331, 21020 Ispra (VA), Italy.
Publication date: September 1, 2007
- The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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