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Simplified Pesticide Multiresidue Analysis of Soybean Oil by Low-Temperature Cleanup and Dispersive Solid-Phase Extraction Coupled with Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

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A simple, fast, and economical method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of 28 various types of pesticides in soybean oil. Pesticides of low molecular mass were separated from the fat of the oil, which has a high molecular mass, by using low-temperature fat precipitation, followed by a cleanup process based on dispersive solid-phase extraction with primary secondary amine and C18 as sorbents and magnesium sulfate for the removal of residual water. The results for all pesticides determined by gas chromatography with mass spectrometry in the selected-ion monitoring mode were linear, and the matrix effect of the method was evaluated. Recoveries of most pesticides were acceptable at fortification levels of 0.02, 0.05, 0.2, and 1 mg/kg. The relative standard deviation was <20 even for determinations without internal standards. Limits of quantitation ranged from 20 to 250 g/kg.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: China Agricultural University, College of Science, Beijing, 100094, People's Republic of China.

Publication date: 01 September 2007

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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