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Simultaneous Analysis of 260 Pesticide Residues in Agricultural Products by Gas Chromatography/Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry

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Abstract:

A method for simultaneous analysis of about 260 pesticides by gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (GC/MS/MS) with a triple quadrupole analyzer (QqQ) has been studied. The pesticides were extracted with acetonitrile and cleaned up by a bilayer cartridge. A single injection method was developed for the monitoring of all of the targeted pesticides. Two MS/MS transitions were selected for each analyte using the intensity ratio obtained from them as a confirmatory parameter. By using matrix-matched standards, 260 pesticides could be determined in most matrixes with recoveries of 70120% and a standard deviation of 20 at 2 different fortification levels of 0.02 and 0.1 g/g. The developed method was applied to the monitoring of 173 agricultural product samples from the local market. The sensitivities of this method were lower than with most of the selective GC detectors, such as flame photometric or single MS. The selectivity of QqQ gives a very clean chromatogram, making compound identification and confirmation easy. The quick and reliable monitoring was achieved by combination with rapid extraction and cleanup.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Osaka Prefectural Institute of Public Health, Nakamichi 1-3-69, Higashinari-ku, Osaka 537-0025, Japan.

Publication date: July 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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