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Determination of Niacin in Food Materials by Liquid Chromatography Using Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry

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The availability of deuterium-labeled nicotinic acid makes stable isotope dilution mass spectromerty (MS) coupled with liquid chromatography (LC) an attractive option for the determination of the water-soluble B-vitamin niacin in food samples. A method was developed based on acid digestion, solid-phase extraction with a strong cation exchange column, and reversed-phase chromatography with a C18 column. Detection is by positive ion electrospray MS. Analysis in selected ion recording mode is subject to interference problems similar to those found with other LC determinations of niacin, but the additional selectivity of multiple reaction monitoring mode largely eliminates interference problems. The method was applied to 6 different food matrixes and to appropriate reference materials, including milk samples with niacin levels near 1 ppm. The method exhibited good accuracy, based on levels obtained for the reference materials, and relative standard deviations in the range of 0.55%.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Food Composition Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705.

Publication date: 2007-07-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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