Membrane Electrodes for Determination of Some -Blocker Drugs
Abstract:Five poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) matrix membrane electrodes responsive to the -blockers atenolol (AT), bisoprolol fumarate (BI), timolol maleate (TI), and levobunolol HCl (LV) were developed and characterized. A precipitation-based technique with ammonium reineckate anion as an electroactive material in PVC matrix with AT, BI, TI, and LV cations was used for fabrication of Electrodes 14, respectively. Electrode 5 fabrication was based on precipitation of LV cation with tungstophosphate anion as an electroactive material. Fast and stable Nernstian responses at 1 1021 107 M for different -blockers over the pH range of 28 were found for these electrodes, which were evaluated according to International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry recommendations. The method was successively applied for the determination of -blockers in their pharmaceutical formulations. Validation of the method according to quality assurance standards showed the suitability of the proposed electrodes for use in the quality control assessment of these drugs. The recoveries for the determination of the -blocker drugs by the 5 proposed selective electrodes were 100.1 0.7, 99.9 0.8, 100.0 1.1, 100.5 1.1, and 100.6 0.7% for Sensors 15, respectively. Statistical comparison between the results obtained by this method and the official method of the drugs was performed and no significant difference was found.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Cairo University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Analytical Chemistry Department, Kasr-El-Aini 11562, Cairo, Egypt.
Publication date: July 1, 2007
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- The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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