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Determination of Semicarbazide in Fresh Egg and Whole Egg Powder by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry: Interlaboratory Validation Study

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An interlaboratory validation study was conducted according to harmonized protocols to evaluate the effectiveness of a liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) method for the determination of semicarbazide (SEM) in fresh whole egg and in an industrially processed whole egg powder. The sample was extracted with hydrochloric acid and derivatized with 2-nitrobenzaldehyde, with 1,2-[15N2 13C]SEM as the internal standard. The extract was neutralized and purified on a solid-phase extraction cartridge. SEM was determined by reversed-phase LC with detection by MS/MS. Five fresh egg samples, of which 3 were obtained from hens fed nitrofurazone (NFZ), one was spiked with SEM at 50 g/kg and one was a blank sample, and 5 industrial whole egg powder samples, of which 3 were spiked with fresh whole egg from hens fed NFZ, one was spiked with SEM at 350 g/kg, and one was a blank sample, were sent to 15 laboratories in 10 different European countries. Results were obtained from 12 participants. Average recoveries of SEM from the fresh egg and the egg powder samples were 105.3 and 121.3%, respectively. The relative standard deviation for repeatability (RSDr) ranged from 2.9 to 9.3%, and the relative standard deviation for reproducibility (RSDR) ranged from 22.5 to 38.1%. The method showed acceptable within- and between-laboratory precision for both matrixes, as evidenced by the HorRat values, at the target levels for the determination of SEM.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: European Commission, Directorate General Joint Research Centre, Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, B-2440 Geel, Belgium.

Publication date: November 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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