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Method Modification (2004.08) to Field Testing of Visible Powders on a Variety of Nonporous Environmental Surfaces: Field Study

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The RAMP Anthrax Test Cartridge for detecting Bacillus anthracis was validated for use in the field for detection of B. anthracis spores in visible powder residues on 7 nonporous environmental surfaces. Six teams of trained first responders and civil support personnel in Class C personal protective equipment sampled visible powder residues on plastic, stainless steel, ceramic tile, wood, rubber, sealed concrete, and food-grade painted wood and analyzed the samples on the RAMP Anthrax Test System. The accuracy for each surface was at least 97% and the overall average was 98.8%. The overall average false-positive rate was 1.79% and false-negative rate was 1.07% for all surfaces. There were no significant differences between surfaces or between spore levels.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: U.S. Army Dugway Proving Ground, Life Sciences Division, W. Desert Test Center, Bldg 2029, Dugway, UT 84022.

Publication date: 01 November 2006

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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