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Determination of Nucleic Acids Using Fluorescence Probe Sensitized by Microemulsion

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Because the fluorescence of azur A can be quenched by adding nucleic acid, a sensitive fluorometric method for determination of nucleic acids at nanogram levels was established. Using optimal conditions, the calibration curves were linear in the range of 06.0 g/mL for calf thymus deoxyribonucleic acid (ct DNA) and 07.0 g/mL for herring sperm DNA (hs DNA). The limits of determination were 3.5 and 3.8 ng/mL, respectively, which shows the high sensitivity of this method. Triton X-100 microemulsion was applied as a sensitive media to enhance the sensitivity. The binding mode concerning the interactions of azur A with nucleic acids was also studied and the association constant with different binding numbers was obtained. The method has been applied to the determination of nucleic acid in both synthetic and real samples, such as cauliflower and pork liver, with satisfactory results.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Jinan University, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jinan 250022, People's Republic of China., 2: Jinan University, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jinan 250022, People's Republic of China.

Publication date: 2006-11-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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