Spectrophotometric Stability-Indicating Methods for the Determination of Leflunomide in the Presence of Its Degradates

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Five simple and sensitive methods were developed for the determination of leflunomide (I) in the presence of its degradates 4-trifluoromethyl aniline (II) and 3-methyl-4-carboxy isoxazole (III). Method A was based on differential derivative spectrophotometry by measuring the 1D value at 279.5 nm. Beer's law was obeyed in the concentration range of 2.0020.00 g/mL with mean percentage accuracy of 100.07 1.32. Method B depended on first-derivative spectrophotometry and measuring the amplitude at 253.4 nm. Beer's law was obeyed in the concentration range of 2.0016.00 g/mL with mean percentage accuracy of 98.42 1.61. Method C was based on the reaction of degradate (II) with 2,6-dichloroquinone-4-chloroimide (Gibbs reagent). The colored product was measured at 469 nm. Method D depended on the reaction of degradate (II) with para-dimethyl aminocinnamaldehyde (p-DAC). The absorbance of the colored product was measured at 533.4 nm. Method E utilized 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone in the presence of cerric ammonium sulfate with degradate (II). The green colored product was measured at 605.5 nm. The linearity range was 40.00280.00, 2.4024.00, and 30250 g/mL with mean percentage accuracy of 100.75 1.21, 100.13 1.45, and 99.74 1.39 for Methods CE, respectively. All variables were studied to optimize the reaction conditions. The proposed methods have been successfully applied to the analysis of leflunomide in pharmaceutical dosage forms and the results were statistically compared with that previously reported.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Cairo University, Analytical Chemistry Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kasr El-Aini St, Cairo 11562, Egypt. 2: National Organization for Drug Control and Research, 6 Hussein Kamal-El-Deen, Ben-El-Saraiat, Dokki, Giza 12311, Egypt.

Publication date: November 1, 2006

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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