Method for the Determination of Aconitum Alkaloids in Dietary Supplements and Raw Materials by Reversed-Phase Liquid Chromatography with Ultraviolet Detection and Confirmation by Tandem Mass Spectrometry: Single-Laboratory Validation

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Abstract:

A study of single-laboratory validation (SLV) of a reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-LC) method was conducted for the determination of diester-diterpene Aconitum alkaloids, viz., aconitine, mesaconitine, and hypaconitine, in a variety of dietary supplements, including single-and multiple-ingredient dry powder extracts, pills, capsules, and raw materials. The Aconitum alkaloids in the samples were extracted by diethyl ether in the presence of ammonia. After cleanup with solid-phase extraction to remove the matrix interferences, the alkaloids were determined by RP-LC with UV detection at 235 nm, and the results were confirmed by tandem mass spectrometry. The linear responses for aconitine, mesaconitine, and hypaconitine based on the present LC system ranged from 0.5 to 200 g/mL. Relative standard deviations of 2.0 to 6.9% were obtained from duplicate analysis of 6 test materials of different matrixes for the 3 Aconitum alkaloids performed by 2 analysts on 5 different days. The recoveries determined for supplements and raw materials spiked with 3 Aconitum alkaloids at levels of 2.510 g/g were in the range of 8699%. In view of the attainment of satisfactory results for accuracy, precision, and recovery in the SLV study, it is recommended that the method validation process proceed to a collaborative study.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Government Laboratory, 88 Chung Hau St, Homantin, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Publication date: November 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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