Influence of Sampling Methodology on Reported Incidence of Salmonella in Poultry
Author: Fletcher, Daniel L
Source: Journal of AOAC International, Volume 89, Number 2, March 2006 , pp. 512-516(5)
Publisher: AOAC International
Abstract:Salmonella is a major pathogen associated with poultry food products. Over the past 20 years, pressure to reduce human illness from poultryrelated salmonellosis has resulted in intensive research activity as well as stronger regulatory standards in Europe, North America, and, because of international trade policies, throughout the world. In the United States, implementation of a Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point-based inspection program has been credited with reducing the incidence of Salmonella-positive carcasses from approximately 20 to 10. Since 1998, however, the reported incidence of Salmonella in retail poultry from 12 countries implementing similar pathogen reduction programs, including the United States, has averaged 29 positive for Salmonella. Although these reports examined products at retail outlets and used a variety of sampling methodologies, these results appear to contradict the U.S. Department of Agriculture claims for Salmonella reduction. The purpose of this review is to examine this contradiction with a focus on the potential impact of sampling methodology on reported incidences of Salmonella.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: University of Georgia, Department of Poultry Science, Athens, GA 30602-2772.
Publication date: 2006-03-01
- The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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