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Preconcentration and Determination of Tellurium in Garlic Samples by Hydride Generation Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

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A procedure for the determination of traces of total tellurium (Te) in garlic (Allium sativa) is described that combines hydride generation atomic absorption spectrometry with preconcentration of the analyte by coprecipitation. The samples, each spiked with lanthanum nitrate (20 mg/L), are introduced into an Amberlite XAD-4 resin and mixed with ammonium buffer (pH 9.1). Te is preconcentrated by coprecipitation with the generated lanthanum hydroxide precipitate. The precipitate is quantitatively collected in the resin, eluted with hydrochloric acid, and then transferred into the atomizer device. Considering a sample consumption of 25 mL, an enrichment factor of 10 was obtained. The detection limit (3σ) was 0.03 μg/L, and the precision (relative standard deviation) was 3.5% (n = 10) at the 10 μg/L level. The calibration graph using the preconcentration system for Te was linear with a correlation coefficient of 0.9993. Satisfactory results were obtained for the analysis of Te in garlic samples.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Chacabuco y Pedernera, Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Departamento de Química Analítica, PO Box 375, 5700 San Luis, Argentina and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Rivadavia 1917, CP C1033 AAJ, Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Argentina. 2: Universidad Nacional de San Luis, Chacabuco y Pedernera, Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Departamento de Química Analítica, PO Box 375, 5700 San Luis, Argentina.

Publication date: 2005-07-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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