Estimation of Pioglitazone Hydrochloride and Metformin Hydrochloride in Tablets by Derivative Spectrophotometry and Liquid Chromatographic Methods
Two simple and accurate methods of analysis to determine pioglitazone hydrochloride (PIO) and metformin hydrochloride (MET) in combined dosage forms were developed using second-derivative spectrophotometry and reversed-phase liquid chromatography (LC). PIO and MET in combined preparations (tablets) were quantified using the second-derivative responses at 227.55 nm for PIO and 257.25 nm for MET in spectra of their solutions in a mixture of methanol and acetonitrile (30 + 70). The calibration curves were linear [correlation coefficient (r) = 0.9984 for PIO and 0.9986 for MET] in the concentration range of 8–40 μg/mL for PIO and 4–12 μg/mL for MET. In the LC method, analysis was performed on a Hypersil ODS-C18 column with 5 μm particle size using the mobile phase acetonitrile-water-acetic acid (75 + 25 + 0.3), adjusted to pH 5.5 with liquor ammonia, at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min. Measurement was made at a wavelength of 230 nm. Both the drugs were well resolved on the stationary phase, and the retention times were 8.5 min for PIO and 16.0 min for MET. The calibration curves were linear (r = 0.9933 for PIO and 0.9958 for MET) in the concentration range of 4–20 μg/mL for PIO and MET. Both methods were validated, and the results were compared statistically. They were found to be accurate, precise, and specific. The methods were successfully applied to the estimation of PIO and MET in combined tablet formulations.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: A. R. College of Pharmacy, Vallabh Vidyanagar – 388 120, Gujarat, India.
Publication date: 2005-07-01
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