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Simultaneous Determination of Some Active Ingredients in Cough and Cold Preparations by Gas Chromatography, and Method Validation

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A simple and rapid gas chromatographic (GC) method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of combinations of acetaminophen, phenylpropanolamine hydrochloride, guaifenesin, pseudoephedrine hydrochloride, caffeine, chlorpheniramine maleate, and dextromethorphan hydrobromide in cough and cold tablets and syrups. After extraction of the analyte with alkaline ethyl acetate, 2 μL extract was injected (splitting ratio of 50:1) into a gas chromatograph equipped with a CBP1-M25-025 fused silica capillary column (25 m × 0.22 mm; film thickness, 0.25 μm). The column temperature was held at 150°C for 5 min, increased to 175°C at 3°C/min, and increased to 270°C at 10°C/min. The temperatures of the flame ionization detector and injector were maintained at 300°C. The GC method is inexpensive, rapid, accurate, and precise, and thus it can be used for routine analysis of tablet and syrup preparations in quality control laboratories of pharmaceutical companies.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: PT Bernofarm Pharmaceutical Co., QC-Laboratory, Buduran, Sidoarjo 61252, Surabaya, Indonesia. 2: Airlangga University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Assessment Service Unit, Jl Dharmawangsa Dalam, Surabaya 60286, Indonesia.

Publication date: 01 July 2005

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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