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Biological Assay and Liquid Chromatographic Method for Analysis of Moxifloxacin in Tablets

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A microbiological assay and a liquid chromatographic method were validated for quantitation of moxifloxacin in tablets. The microbiological method consisted of a cylinder-plate agar diffusion assay using Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341 as the test microorganism and phosphate buffer (0.1M, pH 8.0) as the diluent solution. The response graphs for standard and sample solutions were linear (r = 0.9479), and no parallelism deviations were detected in the tested levels of concentration (4.0, 8.0, and 16.0 μg/mL). The interday precision was 2.73%. Recovery values were between 96.25 and 100.5%. The chromatographic analyses were performed using a Shim-pack CLC-ODS column (250 × 4.6 mm, 5 μm) with a mobile phase consisting of (A) a mixture of phosphoric acid (0.17%, v/v) with tetramethylammonium hydroxide (0.05M) and acetonitrile (95 + 5, v/v) and (B) methanol (55 + 45, v/v) adjusted to pH 3.0. The flow rate was 1.0 mL/min, and detection was made at 294 nm. The method was linear in a range from 12.0 to 42 μg/mL (r = 0.9999), and the interday precision was 1.39%. Recovery ranged between 101.9 and 103. 81%. Both validated methods were used to quantify the moxifloxacin content in tablets exposed to ultraviolet radiation, and similar results were obtained.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Faculdade de Farmácia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Avenida Ipiranga 2752, CEP 90610-000, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Publication date: 01 July 2005

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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