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Determination of Chloramphenicol Residues in Milk, Eggs, and Tissues by Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

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A new liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) method is presented for the determination of chloramphenicol (CAP) residues in milk, eggs, chicken muscle and liver, and beef muscle and kidney. CAP is extracted from the samples with acetonitrile and defatted with hexane. The acetonitrile extracts are then evaporated, and residues are reconstituted in 10mM ammonium acetate–acetonitrile mobile phase and injected into the LC system. CAP is determined by reversed-phase chromatography using an Inertsil ODS-2 column and MS detection with negative ion electrospray ionization. Calibration curves were linear between 0.5–5.0 ng/g for all matrixes studied. The relative standard deviations for measurements by this method were generally <12%, and average recoveries ranged from 80 to 120%, depending on the matrix involved. The method detection limits of CAP ranged from 0.2 to 0.6 ng/g, which are comparable to previously reported results. The proposed method is rapid, simple, and specific, allowing a single analyst to easily prepare over 40 samples in a regular working day.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: CANTEST Ltd. - Food Residue, 4606 Canada Way, Burnaby, British Columbia V5G 1K5, Canada.

Publication date: 2005-03-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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