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Quantification of the 35S Promoter in DNA Extracts from Genetically Modified Organisms Using Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction and Specificity Assessment on Various Genetically Modified Organisms, Part I: Operating Procedure

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A highly sensitive quantitative real-time assay targeted on the 35S promoter of a commercial genetically modified organism (GMO) was characterized (sF/sR primers) and developed for an ABI Prism® 7700 Sequence Detection System and TaqMan® chemistry. The specificity assessment and performance criteria of sF/sR assay were compared to other P35S-targeted published assays. sF/sR primers amplified a 79 base pair DNA sequence located in a part of P35S that is highly conserved among many caulimovirus strains, i.e., this consensus part of CaMV P35S is likely to be present in many GM events. According to the experimental conditions, the absolute limit of detection for Bt176 corn was estimated between 0.2 and 2 copies of equivalent genome (CEG). The limit of quantification was reached below 0.1% Bt176 content. A Cauliflower Mosaic Virus control (CaMV) qualitative assay targeted on the ORF III of the viral genome was also used as a control (primers 3F/3R) to assess the presence of CaMV in plant-derived products. The specificity of this test was assessed on various CaMV strains, including the Figwort Mosaic Virus (FMV) and solanaceous CaMV strains. Considering the performance of sF/sR quantification test, the highly conserved sequence, and the small size of the amplicon, this assay was tested in a collaborative study in order to be proposed as an international standard.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratoire Méthodologies de la Détection des OGM, Unité PMDV, INRA Versailles Route de Saint-Cyr RD10, 78026 Versailles Cedex, France. 2: Agrogène SA, 620 Avenue Blaise Pascal, 77555 Moissy Cramayel, France. 3: Institut de Biologie Moléculaire des Plantes, CNRS, 12 rue du Général Zimmer, 67084 Strasbourg Cedex, France. 4: Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), 16 rue Claude Bernard, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France.

Publication date: March 1, 2005

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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