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Immunoaffinity Column Cleanup with Liquid Chromatography Using Post-Column Bromination for Determination of Aflatoxins in Hazelnut Paste: Interlaboratory Study

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An interlaboratory study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of an immunoaffinity column cleanup liquid chromatography (LC) method for determination of aflatoxin B1 and total aflatoxins in hazelnut paste at European regulatory limits. The test portion was extracted with methanol–water (6 + 4). The extract was filtered, diluted with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) solution to a specified solvent concentration, and applied to an immunoaffinity column containing antibodies specific to aflatoxins. The aflatoxins were removed from the immunoaffinity column with methanol, and then quantified by reversed-phase LC with post-column derivatization (PCD) involving bromination. The PCD was achieved with electrochemically generated bromine (Kobra Cell®) followed by fluorescence detection (except for one participant who used pyridinum hydrobromide perbromide for bromination). Hazelnut paste, both naturally contaminated with aflatoxins and blank (<0.1 ng/g) for spiking by participants with aflatoxins, was sent to 14 collaborators in Belgium, The Netherlands, Spain, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Test portions were spiked at levels of 4.0 and 10.0 ng/g for total aflatoxins by participants using supplied total aflatoxins standards. Recoveries for total aflatoxins and aflatoxin B1 averaged from 86 to 89%. Based on results for naturally contaminated samples (blind duplicates at 3 levels ranging from 4.0 to 11.8 ng/g total aflatoxins), the relative standard deviation for repeatability (RSDr) ranged from 2.3 to 3.4% for total aflatoxins and from 2.2 to 3.2% for aflatoxin B1. The relative standard deviation for reproducibility (RSDR) ranged from 6.1 to 7.0% for total aflatoxins and from 7.3 to 7.8% for aflatoxin B1. The method showed exceptionally good within-laboratory and between-laboratory precision for hazelnut paste, as evidenced by HORRAT values, which in all cases were significantly below target levels, the low levels of determination for both aflatoxin B1 and total aflatoxins.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: TUBITAK, Ankara Test and Analysis Laboratory, Konya Yolu No 67, Besevler, 06530, Ankara, Turkey. 2: Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York, YO41 1LZ, United Kingdom.

Publication date: 2005-03-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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