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Determination of Oxytetracycline in Salmon by Liquid Chromatography with Metal-Chelate Fluorescence Detection

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A liquid chromatography (LC) method is described for the determination of oxytetracycline (OTC) in farmed Atlantic salmon muscle tissue. The method involves homogenization of salmon tissue, extraction of OTC into McIlvaine-EDTA buffer, acid precipitation of proteins, cleanup through tandem solid-phase extraction cartridges (Strata-X and aminopropyl), elution with mobile phase containing slightly alkaline buffer and Mg2+, and LC separation with metal-chelate induced fluorescence detection. Salmon tissue was fortified with 0.10, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, and 1.0 μg/g (ppm) oxytetracycline. Average absolute recoveries were 84, 76, 70, 76, and 85%, respectively, with relative standard deviation (RSD) values all less than 9%. The interassay average recovery was 78%, with a 4.2% RSD. Determination was based on a standard graph using peak areas with standard solutions equivalent to 0.0625, 0.125, 0.25, 0.50, and 1.0 ppm in tissue. A set of 5 matrix controls (unfortified salmon tissue) were also analyzed, in which no OTC was detected. The lowest standard was used as the limit of quantitation.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Seafood Products Research Center/Pacific Regional Laboratory Northwest, 22201 23rd Dr SE, Bothell, WA 98021.

Publication date: March 1, 2005

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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