Spectrophotometric Methods for the Determination of the Antidepressant Drug Paroxetine Hydrochloride in Tablets

Authors: Önal, Armağan; Kepekçi, Ş. Evrim; Öztunç, Aysel

Source: Journal of AOAC International, Volume 88, Number 2, March 2005 , pp. 490-495(6)

Publisher: AOAC International

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Simple, sensitive, and accurate visible spectrophotometric methods are described for the determination of paroxetine hydrochloride (PA) in tablets. Among them, the first 3 methods are based on the ion-pair complexes of PA formed with bromothymol blue (BTB), bromophenol blue (BPB), and bromocresol green (BCG) in aqueous acidic buffers. The complex species extracted into chloroform were quantitatively measured at 414 nm with BTB and BCG and at 412 nm with BPB. Beer's law was obeyed over the concentration ranges of 2–20, 2–16, and 2–16 μg/mL, respectively. The fourth method described is based on a coupling reaction between PA and 7-chloro-4-nitrobenzofurazon (NBD-Cl) in borate buffer, pH 8.5, in which a yellow reaction product that was measured at 478 nm was formed. The Beer's law range for this method was 2–10 μg/mL. The last method developed describes the interaction of PA base, as an n-electron donor, with 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ), as a π-acceptor, in acetonitrile to give blue-colored TCNQ radical anion with absorption maxima at 750 and 845 nm. Measured at 845 nm, the absorbance–concentration plot was rectilinear over the range of 1.5–15 μg/mL. The new methods developed were successfully applied to the determination of PA in tablets without any interference from common tablet excipients. The results of the methods were in good agreement with those obtained with an official liquid chromatographic method. This report describes first colorimetric methods for the determination of PA.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Istanbul University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Analytical Chemistry, Beyazıt, Istanbul 34116, Turkey.

Publication date: March 1, 2005

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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