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Polymerase Chain Reaction Method to Detect Canis Materials by Amplification of Species-Specific DNA Fragment

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Rapid identification of mammal materials in feeding stuffs and food is essential for effective control of a potential source of pathogens, such as those that cause bovine spongiform encephalopathy. A convenient polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay was developed for detection and identification of a canis-specific mitochondrial DNA sequence in foodstuffs and food. The amplified canis-specific PCR product was a 213 base pair band from the D-loop DNA fragment of mitochondria, a high copy gene which should improve the possibility of amplifying template molecules of adequate size among the degraded DNA fragments brought about by heat denaturation. The specificity of this method was confirmed by 8 canis blood DNA samples (from different breeds of dog) and 9 noncanis animal blood DNA samples (bovine, sheep, porcine, chicken, fish, donkey, rabbit, deer, horse). This method was able to detect the presence of canis material in foodstuffs and in food mixtures even when the concentration of canis-derived meat was reduced to 0.05%. Furthermore, it did not appear to be affected by prolonged heat treatment. This method was developed for detection of canis materials in feeding stuffs, and occasionally for medical jurisprudence detection of canis-derived materials.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Qingdao Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Food Laboratory, People's Republic of China; Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China. 2: China Import and Export Commodity Inspection Technology Institute, Beijing, China. 3: Qingdao Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Food Laboratory, People's Republic of China.

Publication date: 2004-09-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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