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Diet and Metabolic Syndrome: Where Does Resistant Starch Fit In?

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Abstract:

Metabolic syndrome is a term linking the clinical profiles of some of the world's major health problems today: obesity, heart disease, and diabetes. It is predicated on dietary patterns, and particularly on the delivery of fuel. The effects may be seen first in the development of abdominal obesity and insulin resistance leading to Type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease. This review examines the role resistant starch might play in the prevention and management of these conditions. Beginning with a definition of resistant starch, a critical review of the scientific literature is presented. Current knowledge suggests that resistant starch in the diet may assist in the prevention and management of conditions associated with the metabolic syndrome via its potential effects on delaying the delivery of glucose as fuel with subsequent fat utilization and appetite control benefits. There is still a great deal of research to be undertaken in this area, but it is clearly warranted, given the position of starches in the global food supply and the potential impact on population health.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Smart Foods Centre, University of Wollongong, Wollongong NSW 2552, Australia

Publication date: May 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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