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Determination of Thiabendazole in Orange Juice and Rind by Liquid Chromatography with Fluorescence Detection and Confirmation by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry After Extraction by Matrix Solid-Phase Dispersion

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A method was developed for the determination of thiabendazole (TBZ) in orange juice and rind based on matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD). TBZ was extracted with ethyl acetate and the extract was subsequently cleaned up on a solid-phase extraction column. Fungicide residues were determined by liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. Recoveries through the method ranged from 87 to 97% with relative standard deviations ≤11%. The detection and quantitation limits were 0.15 and 0.50 μg/kg, respectively. The confirmation of TBZ residues in positive samples was performed by solid-phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection using selected ion monitoring. The developed method was applied to determine TBZ levels in commercial orange juices and in juice and rind of fresh oranges. The influence of storage and washing of fruits on TBZ residues was also studied.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: INIA, Departamento de Medio Ambiente, INIA, Apdo. 8111, 28080 Madrid, Spain

Publication date: 2004-05-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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