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Instrumental Factors Influencing Absorption Measurements for Fluid Food Color Determination

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The differences in color coordinates obtained from the use of different spectral features in the calculation are studied. Seven groups of food (olive oil, vanilla milkshake, brandy, honey, grape juice, vinegar, and orange juice) and an anthocyanin petunidin solution (natural pigment present in several vegetables) with different pH values were selected. Tristimulus values were calculated by considering the different sources of errors (truncation, abridgement, or different bandwidths). Results obtained were corrected by using the methods recommended (see References). These methods of abridgment work well in general, although in some circumstances (20 nm bandwidth or larger), specific spectral weighting functions have to be used to obtain a negligible error. Therefore, it is interesting to know how much difference can be expected from those factors in order to avoid confusion between color differences attributable to instruments and those attributable to actual color changes.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Universidad de Sevilla, Área de Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de Farmacia, 41012, Sevilla, Spain 2: Instituto de Física Aplicada (CSIC), c/ Serrano 144. 28006, Madrid, Spain

Publication date: 2004-05-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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