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Relationships Between LC Retention, Octanol–Water Partition Coefficient, and Fungistatic Properties of 2-(2,4-Dihydroxyphenyl)benzothiazoles

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Abstract:

The retention behavior of newly synthesized compounds with antimycotic activity from the 2-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)benzothiazole group by high-performance liquid chromatography has been investigated. RP-18 stationary phase and methanol–acetate buffer aqueous mobile phases at pH 4 and 7.4 have been used. In the case of the mobile phase at pH 7.4, higher concentrations of water can be applied than at pH 4. The studied compounds showed regular retention behavior, their log k values decreasing linearly with an increasing concentration of methanol in the mobile phase. On the basis of these relationships, the lipophilicity (log kw), specific hydrophobic surface area (S), and isocratic chromatographic hydrophobicity index (φ0) were determined. Similar log kw values and sensitivity to changes in the structure of compounds studied for both mobile phases have been found. Moderate correlations between the chromatographic parameters and the calculated octanol-water log P values were found. Finally, the lipophilicity parameters were compared with the fungistatic properties of compounds expressed by log MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) values to find quantitative structure activity relationship equations.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University of Agriculture, Department of Chemistry, Akademicka 15, Lublin, Poland 2: University of Agriculture, Department of Chemistry, Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland 3: M. Curie-Skłodowska University, Faculty of Chemistry, M. Curie-Skłodowska Sq. 3, 20-031 Lublin, Poland

Publication date: May 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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