Applicability of Gradient Liquid Chromatography with Tandem Mass Spectrometry to the Simultaneous Screening for About 100 Pesticides in Crops

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Abstract:

A method was developed for screening crops for a range of pesticide residues by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). A complete set of LC, electrospray ionization (ESI), and tandem MS acquisition parameters was established for the determination of 108 analytes; these parameters were used for the simultaneous acquisition of 98 analytes in the positive ESI mode and 10 analytes in an additional MS/MS method in the negative ESI mode. The entire procedure involves extraction of residues with methanol–water and partition into dichloromethane. The utility of the method is demonstrated by the analysis of crops of 5 matrix types (water-containing, acidic, dry, sugar-containing, and fatty). Of 108 pesticides/metabolites tested, 104 showed sufficient stability in most matrixes for determination by LC/MS/MS. These analytes belong to 20 chemical classes, which demonstrate the general applicability of the method for multiclass analysis. By using matrix-matched standards, 67 compounds could be determined in most matrixes with recoveries of 70–120% and a relative standard deviation of ≤25% at the 0.01 mg/kg level.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, POB 33 00 13, D-14191 Berlin, Germany

Publication date: September 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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