Determination of Fungicide Residues in White Grapes for Winemaking by Gas Chromatography with Mass Spectrometric Detection and Assessment of Matrix Effects
Abstract:A new analytical method, based on organic solvent extraction with dichloromethane–acetone (75 + 25, v/v) followed by gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection, is presented for the determination of residues of 10 fungicides in white grapes for vinification. Some of them (cyprodinil, fludioxonil, and pyrimethanil) have been used for only 2–3 years and, therefore, no methods are available in the scientific literature for such a screening. Quality parameters yielded good precision (relative standard deviation of <10%) and detection limits (ranging between 1 and 18 μg/kg) that are lower than the maximum residue limits (MRLs) set by the 76/895/European Economic Community (EEC) and 90/642/EEC Directives. The applicability of the method was evaluated by analysis of 5 different white grapes produced in the Rías Baixas area in Galicia (northwestern Spain) for vinification. The method showed good performance in analyses of real samples to determine whether the concentrations of the fungicides used exceeded their MRLs. The method of standard additions was found to be necessary to avoid matrix effects in the quantification of fungicide residues. Results showed that concentrations of the fungicides identified in grapes were lower than the MRLs established by the European legislation.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: University of Vigo, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Analytical and Food Chemistry Department, Nutrition and Bromatology Group, Ourense Campus, 32004 Ourense, Spain
Publication date: 2003-09-01
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- The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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