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Thermoluminescence Detection of Irradiated Fruits and Vegetables: International Interlaboratory Trial

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Abstract:

An international interlaboratory trial was conducted to validate thermoluminescence methods for detecting irradiated fruits and vegetables. Five products were used in this study. This paper presents the results from prestudy material, homogeneity testing, details of sample preparation, and participants' results. Prestudy results provided a basis for cross comparison of instruments in different laboratories. A wide range of sensitivities, reproducibilities, and signal-to-background ratios were observed. Homogeneity testing showed that the method can distinguish between nonirradiated and irradiated products, including those bleached with 100 J/cm2 artificial daylight, provided that sensitivity rejection criteria are rigorously applied. Blind results were returned by 9 participants in the form of first and second glow integrals and glow ratios for all samples and a qualitative classification for each product. Of the 387 results reported, 327 valid results were obtained from participants. Where valid data were obtained, correct qualitative identifications were made by participants in all cases. Participants' results and homogeneity testing both confirm the validity of the thermoluminescence method for detecting irradiated fruits and vegetables.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Scottish Universities Research and Reactor Centre (SURRC), Scottish Enterprise Technology Park, Rankine Ave, East Kilbride, G75 OQF, UK

Publication date: September 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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