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Determination of Tetracycline Antibiotics in Salmon Muscle by Liquid Chromatography Using Post-Column Derivatization with Fluorescence Detection

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A simple and accurate cleanup procedure using polymeric sorbent was developed for the determination of oxytetracycline (OTC) and tetracycline (TC) residues in salmon muscle. It was applied to the analysis of 20 salmon samples during a month period. The OTC and TC residues were extracted with ethylenediaminetetracetic acid (EDTA)–McIlvaine buffer acidified at pH 4.0 and cleaned up by solid-phase extraction with a polymeric sorbent. The advantages of the polymeric sorbent over the silica-based sorbent in the cleanup of salmon muscle samples are described. A liquid chromatographic method with post-column derivatization and fluorescence detection is proposed because of its sensitivity and specificity. The average recoveries of OTC and TC from muscle salmon tissue fortified at 50, 100, and 200 μg/kg levels, ranged from 83.9 to 93.4% with a coefficient of variation between 4.09 and 5.80%. The limit of quantitation for OTC and TC in salmon muscle was 50 μg/kg.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Coimbra, Centre of Pharmaceutical Studies, Faculty of Pharmacy, Group of Bromatology, 3000 Coimbra, Portugal

Publication date: 2003-09-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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