Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction Method for Detection of Bovine Materials in Foodstuffs

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Abstract:

Rapid identification of bovine materials in animal foodstuffs is essential for effective control of a potential source of bovine spongiform encephalophathy. A convenient polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assay was developed for detection and identification of a bovine-specific genomic DNA sequence in foodstuffs. Simultaneously the assay assessed the DNA quality of the experiment system by amplification of a highly conserved eucaryotic DNA region of the 18-S ribosomal gene, helping to check the reliability of the test result. The amplified bovine-specific PCR product was a genomic DNA fragment of lactoferrin, a low copy gene that was different from a commonly used bovine-specific mitochondria sequence for identification of bovine materials. The specificity of this method was confirmed by the absence of detectable homologous PCR product using reference foodstuff samples that lacked bovine-derived meat and bonemeals, or genomic DNA samples from vertebrates whose offals are commonly included in animal feeds. This method could detect the presence of bovine material in foodstuffs when the samples contained >0.02% bovine-derived meat and bone meal. Furthermore, it was not affected by prolonged heat treatment. The specificity, convenience, and sensitivity of this method suggest that it can be used for the routine detection of bovine-derived materials.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Qingdao Entry–Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Division of Food Administration, Qingdao, People's Republic of China; Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding, Agro-Biotech Research Center, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 2: Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Agricultural Genetics and Breeding, Agro-Biotech Research Center, Shanghai, People's Republic of China 3: Qingdao Entry–Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Division of Food Administration, Qingdao, People's Republic of China

Publication date: July 1, 2003

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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