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Liquid Chromatographic Determination of α-Solasonine in Frozen Green Peas as an Indicator of the Presence of Nightshade Berries

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Nightshade berries containing glycoalkaloids can be a contaminant in green peas. Methodology was developed to detect this contamination. The glycoalkaloid α-solasonine was extracted from frozen green peas with 1% (v/v) acetic acid, cleaned up on a C18 cartridge, and determined by liquid chromatography with UV detection at 200 nm. Method performance characteristics for the determination of α-solasonine include linearity from 140 to 1500 ng injected (r = 0.9996–0.9999); recovery ranging from 68 to 79%; limit of quantitation (LOQ) = 4.5 ppm (280 ng standard), and limit of detection = 0.64 ppm (40 ng standard). At the LOQ, the expanded uncertainty at 95% confidence was 0.38 × the reported value. The method was applied to the detection of α-solasonine in frozen green peas in a 2-year study of 60 samples of frozen green peas from Ontario, Canada. None of the samples contained α-solasonine. No unripe berries of Solanum nigrum were detected visually in the samples.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Health Canada, Health Products and Food Branch, Food Laboratories Division, 2301 Midland Ave, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada, M1P 4R7 2: Health Canada, Health Products and Food Branch, Food Research Division, Address Locator 2203D, Sir Frederick G. Banting Research Centre, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1A 0L2

Publication date: 2003-07-01

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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