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Determination of Fat, Protein, Casein, Total Solids, and Somatic Cell Count in Goat's Milk by Near-Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy

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Analysis using near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) was investigated as a means of predicting quality parameters of goat's milk. Calibration equations were developed with samples from individual goats of Malagueña and Murciano-Granadina dairy breeds at different stages of lactation to obtain a wide range of variation in milk composition. Prediction equations for milk fat, protein, casein, total solids, and somatic cell count (SCC) were developed with 2 sample presentations, liquid drawer (homogenized milk) and aluminium cup (unhomogenized milk), to measure absorbance values, and accuracy of measurements was compared. The multiple correlation coefficient (R) values for homogenized milk were 0.98, 0.96, 0.91, 0.94, and 0.79 and for unhomogenized milk were 0.98, 0.95, 0.92, 0.95, and 0.74 for fat, protein, casein, total solid, and SCC, respectively. To validate the calibrations, an independent set of samples was used. The best simple correlation coefficient (r) values were 0.97, 0.95, 0.91, 0.93, and 0.72 for homogenized milk and 0.97, 0.95, 0.92, 0.95, and 0.79 for unhomogenized milk. The study showed that NIRS is a useful technique for the prediction of fat, protein, casein, total solids, and SCC in unhomogenized goat's milk.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Agricultura y Producción Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

Publication date: 2003-07-01

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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