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Purity Assessment of Crystalline Zearalenone

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Abstract:

Commercially available solid zearalenone (ZON) to be used as a certified liquid calibrant (BCR-699) in a project funded by the European Commission within the Standard Measurement and Testing program was characterized and its purity determined. The degree of purity of the ZON was examined by UV spectrophotometer, liquid chromatography (LC) with diode array and fluorescence detection, 1H and 13C-NMR spectrometry, LC–mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS), ion chromatography (IC), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The diagrams obtained from DSC analysis and the UV spectrum showed no detectable impurities. Likewise, no impurities were observed by LC analysis with both diode array and fluorescence detection. IC determination revealed negligible contamination of ZON with chloride of 0.020 ± 0.005% and nitrate of 0.016 ± 0.006%. Zearalanone (ZAN) was identified as one of 2 minor (0.2%) impurities by LC/MS/MS. The 1H-NMR measurements revealed an additional peak, which has not been previously reported in the literature. It could be identified as part of the ZON spectrum as the signal arising from the phenolic proton attached to C4'. The manufacturer states an additional contamination with 0.2% methylene chloride, which could be confirmed to an extent of 0.1% by 1H-NMR. Minor impurities, whose structures remain unknown, were discovered at 3.5 and <1 ppm. Total percentage of impurities based on NMR measurement was estimated not to exceed 1%. A purity of 99.5% with a tolerance of ±0.5% was finally attributed to the ZON studied in this project.

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute for Agrobiotechnology (IFA-Tulln), Center for Analytical Chemistry, Konrad Lorenz Str. 20, A-3430 Tulln, Austria 2: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, PO Box 7024, S-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden 3: Central Science Laboratory, Sand Hutton, York, YO41 1LZ, United Kingdom 4: Vienna University of Technology, Institute of Applied Synthetic Chemistry, Section Organic Chemistry, Getreidemarkt 9, A-1060 Vienna, Austria 5: University of Vienna, Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Währinger Str. 38, A-1090 Vienna, Austria

Publication date: July 1, 2003

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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